Only an economic development that adapts itself to the natural and cultural resources of the places, with full respect for them, can be defined as truly sustainable. And this is the model to be reproduced in every corner of the world

Lisa Ovi

The impact of the Climate change is global, yet in every region of the world it manifests itself differently.

In both letter and spirit, i 17 Sustainable Development Goals they embrace the planetary nature of the problem and invite to find solutions that adapt to the specific needs of each placewithout leaving anyone behind.

We talk about global diversity to indicate the need for understand the differences which exist not only among the different countries, but also on the internal territory of each of them.

A just energy transition

To be truly effective, the energy transition towards a low-carbon world, therefore capable of resisting climate change, must be fair and guarantee access to areliable and sustainable energy in every part of the world. Fossil fuels cannot remain the fastest and cheapest solution to poverty and inequality.

You can take for example the Just Transition Fund of the EUstrengthened as part of the Covid-19 recovery package, thanks to which theEuropean Union has made it clear the value, including economic value, of a transition to renewable energy involving anyone who comes into contact with its member states.

So that a community can survive and evolveand, jobs are needed for citizens and economic resources are needed for the local government to provide basic services.

The key in local diversity

The local development it is now considered a key element of the global one that it could guarantee energy transition, climate resilience and social cohesion for the entire planet. And experience teaches that to support this local development it is necessary get to know the areaits resources, its culture, its market and to open the doors of education and internationalization.

In Europe, the Commission expects local development initiatives CLLD can facilitate the implementation of integrated approaches between European investment funds and allows local communities to take charge of the strategic objectives of the community.

But what happens when an energy multinational, such as the Italian Eni, decides to directly integrate local development programs in the countries in which it operates into its business model? It starts with an in-depth study of the social, political and economic context of the region in which it operates.

The goal of these studies, carried forward in collaboration with governments and local authoritiesin addition to supporting the phases of the business, they make it possible to identify and find realistic solutions to the needs of the community, constituting the starting point for the definition of development projects.

In line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the data studied concern health, education, income, but also gender inequalities, differences between urban and rural contexts, discrimination against vulnerable groups and respect for human rights.

Collaborate with those who know the area

In these cases, the use of the Global MPI – Multidimensional Poverty Index, developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the Human Development Office of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). This approach allows you to complement monetary poverty measures with non-monetary measuresmore precise in restoring a vision of effective access to essential goods and services.

The modern formula of collaboration with countries to promote sustainable development (and meet the needs of communities) goes back to the thinking of Enrico Matteiwhose objective was to accompany the development of peoples and communities, favoring the autonomy of producing countries from an energy point of view, even more so in often difficult contexts where water, energy, work and health services often remain the privilege of the few.

It is clear, therefore, how important it is to make use of public-private partnerships with entities that know the area, be it International Organizations or development banks, national or private institutions, universities, research centers, cooperation bodies or civil society organizations.

Are these alliances that allow you to start projects that really impact the quality of life of populations, the environment and the local economy.

Environment, water, education and development

In the case of Eni, for example, we find the multinational energy company among the active members of the REDD + forest conservation in Zambia, aimed at protecting forests, biodiversity and the benefits deriving from them for local communities; in Nigeria, Eni is an ally of FAO in the fight against water scarcitywhile in Mozambique it supports important education projects which bring value not only to local development, but also to the struggle against inequalities.

There is no shortage of partnerships dedicated to the training of entire communities of small entrepreneurs, as is the case in Ghana or in Kenyaa country already protagonist of programs for the production of biofuels of the future, where a real business accelerator allows local startups to take their first steps.

Indeed, the goal of a sustainable local development strategy must be in the first place listen to those who live and know their territory.

Talking about local sustainable development means participating in the project that will lead the region to an efficient and equitable use of its energy resources, both human and natural, which can guaranteeing a future also for the generations to come and add a piece to the great puzzle of the fair and sustainable decarbonised planet that we dream of.

Image: Santi Vedrí, Unsplash

#global #development #local #development #Technology #Review #Italia

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.