A year ago, an unprecedented coalition made up of the Lega and the Radicals met in the Supreme Court to file the questions of six referendums on justice, Matteo Salvini called them “a dowry” in view of the reform of the CSM, at the time still to be fine-tuned. Now, in just one week, all the knots will be untied: June 12 beyond 50 million Italians are called to express their opinion on 5 of those referendums – that on the civil liability of magistrates was not admitted by the Council – and on the 15th, when the outcome is now certain, the Senate will examine the reform presented by the Minister of Justice Marta Cartabia and the subject of a long negotiation. Two parallel paths that now cross.
Italians are called upon to express their opinion on the Severino law, precautionary measures, the separation of careers and judges’ assessments, and candidates for the CSM. The latter three are also the subject of the reform, but not for this reason according to the less useful promoters. The result being looked at is above all the turnout, because the abrogative referendum requires the participation of 50% plus one of the voters. And considering the information space insufficient, the League and the Radicals protest: ‘Noi oscurati’, with Salvini speaking of “the theft of democracy”. “To break the wall of silence, we have decided to implement a strong but non-violent initiative, a hunger strike”, announced Senator Roberto Calderoli, who will fast “as long as I remain standing”.
In the less polarized referendum of recent years on the positions of Yes or No, the Five Star Movement has called itself out of the debate, considering “Parliament the seat for the reform of justice”. “The five questions – according to M5s president Giuseppe Conte – seem to be a revenge of politics against the judiciary”. The position of the Democratic Party is more varied. Secretary Enrico Letta has announced that he will go to vote and will express no 5: “I think this referendum is a wrong instrument” and “on some of the topics reform is being done in Parliament”. Some veterans, on the other hand, have publicly announced two or three yeses. While Matteo Renzi, who will abstain on the reform deeming it too lukewarm, has embraced the battle of the League and will vote yes to all questions. Although totally opposed, the ANM – which strongly protested against the reform by proclaiming the strike – chose half silence.
The conviction is that “it is not a referendum that will lead to an improvement in the justice service”. The main criticality is identified in the separation of careers, the two distinct tracks between prosecutor and judge – according to the Association, which has always been contrary – would damage the principle of autonomy and independence: “It goes in the opposite direction to what we would like, a prosecutor more judge and less policeman “, said president Giuseppe Santalucia.
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